African Penguin. (Black Footed Penguin)

Do you know that penguins are birds but they cannot fly?

 

Penguins cannot fly, but can swim very well. African penguins can swim at 4.3 to 15 miles per hour. The African penguin is also known as the Jackass penguin because of the donkey- or jackass-like sounds it makes.

 

Southern Fur Seals.

Do you know how mother and pup find each other?

 

Mother seals and pups find each other using a familiar call.  A study in Alaska found that mothers and offsprings were still able to recognize each other’s calls even after a separation of four years.

Fur Seal

 

Rainforests.

Do you know where tropical rainforests are found?

 

Tropical rainforests are found in a belt around the Equator - across South America, Central America, Africa, Southeast Asia and Australia. Tropical rainforests cover about 7% of the Earth’s surface and are very important to the Earth’s ecosystem.

 

Rainforests are very dense, warm, wet forests. Rainforests are tremendously rich in animal life and are populated with an incredible number of animals, insects, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals.


Rockhopper Penguin.

Do you know why Rockhopper Penguins are called “rockhoppers”?

 

Rockhopper penguins are called “rockhoppers” because they jump from rock to rock. They are 22 inches (55cm) and weigh about 6 pounds (3 kg). They have waterproof feathers that keep their skin dry. Each year they lose their old feathers and grow new ones.

 

Lionfish

Do you know that Lionfish are poisonous?

 

The Lionfish are a nocturnal family of fish that live in holes and caves and only come out at night to hunt. Lionfish hunt in groups and feed mainly on crustaceans.

 

The spines in their dorsal fins are poisonous and their stings can sometimes result in death. They are found in all temperate and tropical seas and most are found in the Indo-pacific.

 

Pufferfish

Do you know how the Pufferfish got its name?

 

When in danger Pufferfish will puff to about twice its normal size by gulping water. The Pufferfish is also known as the blowfish, fugu, swellfish and globefish. Many parts of the Pufferfish contain an extremely strong poison called tetrodoxin, which is about a thousand times deadlier than cyanide. There is no known antidote for the poison.

 

Matamata Turtle.

Do you know that Matamata Turtle use special technique when hunting for their prey?

 

The matamata will open their mouth and expand their throat and at the same time they will extend their head and catch their prey. These movements cause their prey to be sucked in and then swallowed and the water will be expelled out. Their prey are mostly fish, amphibians and freshwater crustaceans.

 

Marmoset.

Do you know that the marmoset is the smallest monkey found in the Amazon?

 

The Marmoset is about 7-12 inches long and has a tail which is about 8-16 inches longer than its body. The small size is beneficial because when faced with danger the marmoset will hide behind leaves, thus becoming invisible to predators. Marmoset can be found in the highest parts of the rainforest canopy.

 

Coral. 

Do you know that Corals are animals?

 

Coral polyps are small marine invertebrate animals and live in large colonies. There are two types of corals, hard and soft. Hard corals have rock-like chalky skeleton. Huge colonies of hard corals form coral reefs. Soft corals do not have hard skeleton.  A coral polyp begins life as a tiny swimming larva the size of pinhead. It settles on hard support and remains there. It reproduces by budding (identical polyp sprouts out of polyp’s side) or by sexual reproduction. When polyp dies, the chalky skeleton remains and another polyp will grow on top of the old one.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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